(1). Computer users have an opportunity of choosing between two commonly known Operating Systems- OS X and Linux (EDUCBA, 2018). In this regard, this post outlines the differences and similarities between the two OS. The comparisons will be based on the developers, license, functionality/ compatibility, cost, customization, and uses.
Linux OS is developed by Linus Torvalds while OS X is developed by Apple Inc. However, Linux is also developed by developer community worldwide and this is the main difference in these two Operating Systems (EDUCBA, 2018). Linux OS is available to all computer users like Hp, Dell, and Lenovo. On the other hand, the OS X is only made for the Apple users which makes it impossible for other computer users to utilize it. The Linux OS allows users to customize the code into their preference but for the OS X, this is not possible. Additionally, the OS X requires one to pay a significant amount for its use while Linux is free.
Regarding security and user freedom, Linux lets the users conduct their activities free of surveillance which is not the case for the OS X. OS X users are constantly monitored to some extent and this means no privacy or secrecy. Again, Linux provides the user with several desktop interfaces like MATE, Xfce, Unity, and KDE Plasma 5. On the other side, OS X only gives the user only one desktop environment which means that the user has no pleasure of choosing among multiple interfaces like in the Linux OS. Furthermore, Linux is a stable OS that is free of bugs. However, the issues of bugs are caused by third-party tools. On this sector, the OS X is secure enough because of the regular updates (HaddadPajouh, et al., 2017). Nevertheless, the functionality of the OS X is a bit complex. It does read files from any other OS especially from Linux. On the other hand, Linux can read files that were previously obtained from OS X.
(2) Mobile technologies such as tablet and smartphone use operating systems such as Android and iOS. It is, therefore, evident that both Android and iOS are mobile technologies, but what is the difference between them? Android and iOS can be differentiated in many aspects. For instance, the transfer of files. The transfer of files in iOS is more difficult, and files are only transferred by iTunes desktop. On the other hand, file transfer in Android is easier and is done using either the Android File or Transfer desktop app. In both cases, photos are transferred using USB without the apps (Bala, Sharma & Kaur, 2015).
Again, source model and OS family. Android is partly open source and Linux-based, and its fundamental features are more customizable (Bala, Sharma & Kaur, 2015). The uniform design of iOS elements is described as more user-friendly. While Android is partly open source and Linux-based, iOS is closed with components of open source, and it is both OS X- and UNIX-based (Bala, Sharma & Kaur, 2015). Additionally, but not least, jailbreaking, bootloaders, and rooting. According to Bala, Sharma, Kaur (2015), users of Android have complete control and access over their devices, thus have the ability to unlock the bootloader. On the other hand, users of iOS do not have complete control and access over their operating system, thus unable to unlock their bootloader (Bala, Sharma & Kaur, 2015).
3) A Operating framework is the most essential programming that keeps running on a PC. It deals with the PC’s memory and procedures, just as the majority of its product and equipment. It additionally enables you to speak with the PC without realizing how to talk the programming language’s. Without a Operating system, a PC is pointless. Whatever operating you want to make by using a machine needs a valued OS to direct you in right direction to process and retrieve the correct data. Latest operating systems are having a capability to run different programs at the same time.Suppose if multiple outputs are being rendered by a program,OS balances them to keep it in an organized and delivers correct output.Here I want to mainly talk about similarities and differences between Android and IOS
Android Vs IOS
These two OS are top in the market because we are in the world where each and every one uses mobiles which comprises one or the other OS to perform.IOS and Android both use contact interfaces that share many things in common like swiping, tapping and squeeze and-zoom. Both working frameworks boot to a homescreen, which is like a PC work area. While an IOS home screen just contains lines of application symbols, Android permits the utilization of gadgets, which show auto-refreshing data, for example, climate and email. The iOS UI highlights a dock where clients can stick their most often utilized applications.
4. Operating systems have evolved from OS/360 by IBM used for mainframe computers in 1964 to Windows 1.0 in 1985 with the concept of personal computers. Today, computers are not the only devices but humans accustomed to mobile phones, tables, laptops, smart gadgets etc. that are developed across various operating systems such as Unix, Linux, Robot operation system, android, IOS and the list goes on. In this discussion I would compare the mobile operation systems i.e. Android and IOS that are vastly used across the globe.
Android has been designed by Google to offer an operating system in small devices such as mobile phones, tablets etc. Googled implemented this operating system as an open source so many vendors can use the platform in mobiles, tablets, mini-computers etc. On the other hand, iPhone operating system (IOS) is an operating system that was designed by the company Apple exclusive for their mobile devices. Unlike google, apple doesn’t license IOS for other hardware companies and it isn’t an open source software (Sahani, 2017). With respective to the development IOS can only be done on the apple based Macintosh operation system where as android allows developers to using several operating platforms such as windows, Linux etc. with compatible versions respectively. This in turn determines the cost of the both with IOS being expensive compared to Android (Wukkadada, Nambiar & Nair, 2015). Stability is often seen higher on the IOS side since it’s restricted to certain phones while Android needs extra effort or development to meet the needs of different hardware systems to meet the stability standards. Since android is open source i.e. allowing developers to check or view the source code it is vulnerable for security and threats when misused by the people. Whereas, IOS is restrictive in nature when revealing any of its components and has better security when it comes to source code of the IOS Operation system. In conclusion, each operating has its own advantages and disadvantages and always need for further updates and hence the companies keep updating their features across all terms.
Computer’s operating system (OS) deals with the greater part of the product and hardware on the PC. More often than not, there are a few diverse PC programs running in the meantime, and they all need to get to your PC’s focal preparing unit (CPU), memory, and capacity. The working framework arranges the greater part of this to ensure each program gets what it needs.
Types of operating systems
Operating systems usually come pre-loaded on any computer you buy. Most people use the operating system that comes with their computer, but it’s possible to upgrade or even change operating systems. The three most common operating systems for personal computers are Microsoft Windows, Mac OS X, and Linux.
Modern operating systems use a graphical user interface, or GUI (pronounced gooey). A GUI lets you use your mouse to click icons, buttons, and menus, and everything is clearly displayed on the screen using a combination of graphics and text.
Mac OS X:
MAC OS is a line of working frameworks made by Apple. It comes preloaded on all new MAC PCs, or Macs. The greater part of the ongoing variants are known as OS X (articulated O-S Ten), and the particular renditions incorporate El Capitan (discharged in 2015),Yosemite (2014), Mavericks (2013), Mountain Lion (2012), and Lion (2011).
MAC OS X clients represent under 10% of worldwide working frameworks—much lower than the level of Windows clients (over 80%). One explanation behind this is Apple PCs have a tendency to be more costly. In any case, numerous individuals do favour the look and feel of Mac OS X over Windows.
Linux is a group of open-source working frameworks, which implies they can be changed and circulated by anybody around the globe. This is unique in relation to restrictive programming like Windows, which must be changed by the organization that possesses it. The benefits of Linux are that it is free, and there are a wide range of disseminations—or forms—you can look over.