- Support or refute your colleague’s explanations.
- Share an example that illustrates your colleague’s explanation of the connections between beliefs and common sense and their relationship to critical thinking.
- Share an example that illustrates your colleague’s explanation of belief perseverance and how it influences critical thinking.
5 sentences and a question
Common sense, science, personal beliefs, and critical thinking all go hand in hand within the practice of scholarship. When conducting research or pursuing any academic filed, common sense is needed when thinking about and planning research. A person would not conduct research on pigs flying because common sense states that pigs do not fly because 1. They are land animals and 2. Lack the appropriate mechanisms and structures for flight. Science also comes in to play because anytime a question is asked, science is used to find the answers. Personal beliefs are what guide us when we think about subjects within an academic field and also how we frame our questions. Personal beliefs can also skew the ways that we interpret data as well. Critical thinking is of the utmost importance. Critical thinking is the “…reasonable, reflective thinking that is focused on deciding what to believe and do” (Douglas, 2000). It also helps us by setting aside personal beliefs, look further in to science, and use common sense tactics to analyze and interpret the world around us.
Belief perseverance is when one holds on to their beliefs regardless of what science, people, society, or anything for that matter, shows differently. This affects critical thinking because one cannot not critically think about a topic or about data if they are biased due to their own belief system. Belief perseverance contradicts critical thinking. There is a tendency for a person to discard or discredit data that contradicts their own belief systems. It is impossible to rid one of their belief systems, however by keeping a continuous self-appraisal it allows for a person to have insight on how their beliefs impact their decisions and interpretations. We all have biases, cultural backgrounds, and experiences that shape the way we interpret and interact with the world. However, by acknowledging these and having insight on how they affect us is the best way to keep them in check, especially when dealing with academia.
Douglas, N. L. (2000). Enemies of Critical Thinking: Lessons from Social Psychology Research. Reading Psychology, 21(2), 129–144. https://doi-org.ezp.waldenulibrary.org/10.1080/027…